egg whites & egg yolks
Fresh free range eggs are full of good things, from vitamins and minerals to essential fats and proteins. But have you ever wondered if egg whites are better for you than egg yolks – or which half contains which vitamins?
Here at the happy egg co. we love both halves of our tasty, free range eggs, but we know that some of you prefer to eat just the whites, or just the yolks. So let’s take a closer look at egg white nutrition – and egg yolk nutrition – to find out what’s really going on inside those shells…
Egg white, or albumen, is the clear liquid inside an egg that turns white and solid when cooked. Its day job is to cushion the yolk and stop it breaking, but egg white is also great to eat and full of the nutrients your body needs.
People trying to eat healthily often love egg whites because they contain lots of good quality protein but hardly any calories – and no fat or carbohydrate. This protein helps to look after your muscles and bones. So, if you’re trying to get more protein into your diet, maybe because you’re exercising a lot, egg whites are a healthy, natural choice that’s really affordable too.
Egg white, per 100g contains:
- Energy: 184 kJ or 43 kcal
- Water 87.3g
- Nitrogen 1.73g
- Protein: 10.8g
- Fat: Trace
- Carbohydrates: Trace
Lovely, golden yolks are the healthy, tasty heart of the egg. Packed with flavour and most of the nutrients eggs have to offer, they’re often used in cooking to add extra flavour or help stick the other ingredients together. So what nutrients will you find inside?
Well, egg yolks contain vitamin A, vitamin B12 and vitamin B2 (also known as riboflavin), so they help to keep your skin, eyes, blood, immune system, nervous system and metabolism nice and healthy. They also have plenty of folate, which is good for your blood and immune system and especially useful for mums-to-be.
Egg yolks contain important minerals like phosphorus, iodine and selenium which help to keep your body healthy, beneficial polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, and essential omega-3 fatty acids that help to look after your heart, brain and eyesight.
We often associate egg whites with protein, but the yolks have a lot to offer too. Protein helps your cells grow and heal, fighting illness and keeping you fit and healthy. It’s actually more concentrated in egg yolk than egg white, but because there’s more white than yolk in an egg, the white contains more overall.
Egg yolk, per 100g contains:
- Energy: 1437 kJ or 347 kcal
- Water 48.8g
- Nitrogen 2.62g
- Protein: 16.4g
- Fat: 31.3g
- Carbohydrates: Trace